Chevron Lubricants Q&A

click here to participate in the Chevron Lubricants Q&A

Recent Topics
WHAT ABOUT
by Baseball17
04/21/15 01:46 AM
Can an overheating engine REALLY cause a fire?
by Avery4
04/20/15 10:55 PM
Oil recommendation for Chevy LS7 454 crate engine?
by 340_Magnum
04/20/15 10:44 PM
"High Age" oil
by otis24
04/20/15 10:12 PM
Mobil1 AFE 0w20 in 2014 Mazda3
by adamgirard
04/20/15 09:38 PM
M1 0w-40 in a Saturn SL1
by faramir9
04/20/15 09:21 PM
Big Lots Peak oil BOGO $3.80
by SpeedyG75VW
04/20/15 08:50 PM
Anyone still using uniroyal tires?
by 11crv
04/20/15 08:21 PM
Different gauge clusters on 1984 Caprice
by RyanCreasia
04/20/15 08:14 PM
Desired shift points (with videos)
by sam369
04/20/15 08:05 PM
1996 I30 brake light problem even with new bulbs
by slacktide_bitog
04/20/15 07:43 PM
Anyone know how Castrol 0w-30/40 compares to
by jdavis
04/20/15 07:30 PM
Newest Members
Evie2015, Jimdraper, adamgirard, Overpowered, Msalem
53663 Registered Users
Who's Online
24 registered (Flywest, c502cid, 901Memphis, chrisri, Dyusik, 3 invisible), 543 Guests and 208 Spiders online.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Forum Stats
53663 Members
66 Forums
230081 Topics
3682031 Posts

Max Online: 2862 @ 07/07/14 03:10 PM
Donate to BITOG
Page 2 of 2 < 1 2
Topic Options
#3182103 - 11/08/13 11:00 AM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: KCJeep]
demarpaint Offline


Registered: 07/03/05
Posts: 22547
Loc: NY
Originally Posted By: KCJeep
STP is peculiar, it thickens the oil but does not seem to have any adverse affect on start up, if anything starts are better with it. Doesn't make sense to me.


It's funny you mention it doesn't have adverse effects on start up. You brought me back in time, a long time. Years ago, many years, I used it in an old oil burning beater I bought to commute to college with when funds were low. I used it to slow consumption until I could afford a nicer car. Anyway I remember easy winter starts with it in the sump, God only knows how it flowed once the engine fired up, but it spun up real easy. Their advertising in the 60's and 70's touted its ability to make oil cling so cold starts were easier. I wonder if there was any truth to that? LOL
_________________________
God Bless Our Troops


Top
#3182167 - 11/08/13 12:35 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: demarpaint]
Plumber Offline


Registered: 10/23/13
Posts: 220
Loc: Northern Illinois
I saw an ad on Ebay for sale a while back. STP had an illustration of an engine with a coat and hat on, covered in ice and snow.

Top
#3182229 - 11/08/13 01:48 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: KCJeep]
Finz Offline


Registered: 06/06/13
Posts: 493
Loc: Northern NJ
Why do you say too thick? What happened?
_________________________
God Bless America... We really need it about now

06 Odyssey
06 Civic coupe
05 Accord 2.4 sedan
11 Civic 1.8 sedan
98 Accord 2.3 sedan

Top
#3185909 - 11/12/13 04:05 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: Finz]
KCJeep Offline


Registered: 06/30/11
Posts: 5246
Loc: Mahzurrah!
Originally Posted By: Finz
Why do you say too thick? What happened?


A bottle in a 6 qt sump seems to work just fine, I've done it even in winter with no adverse affects whatsoever that I could detect. Like I mentioned if anything cold starts seemed easier. A bottle and half...lifter noise the first few minutes of running. Too much LOL.

I still want to run a single bottle and UOA sometime just out of curiousity.
_________________________
2004 Jeep GC WJ 4.0 @ 125k Castrol 5w40 w/ MMO
Napa Silver 31516
KIA Sedona 44k, Chevy Lumina 175k, Chrysler Sebring 175k, Chrysler Concorde 102k

Top
#3186283 - 11/13/13 03:49 AM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: ziggy]
default Offline


Registered: 09/30/09
Posts: 530
Loc: Michigan
Its a good way to thicken oil in an emergency, keep your lawnmower with a rod knock or oil burning issue running, shut up a noisy worn out FWD manual transaxle, etc. Beyond that its junk, definitely doesn't belong in anything in good working order.

Top
#3186770 - 11/13/13 03:51 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: ziggy]
Mystic Offline


Registered: 03/05/03
Posts: 8030
Loc: Colorado
I never cared much for STP Oil Treatment myself. It is basically thick oil with some chemical additives, and according to VOAs here it has a low amount of ZDDP. Newer vehicles require thinner oil and STP basically will just slow down oil consumption in an oil burner. Even in an oil burner a person might be better off just using thicker oil, like 20W50.

The one time I noticed a difference with STP was with a small car and the STP they used to have for small four cylinder engine cars. The car really did seem to run better.

I did not know they even still made STP.


Edited by Mystic (11/13/13 03:52 PM)

Top
#3188027 - 11/14/13 08:36 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: Mystic]
Garak Offline


Registered: 12/05/09
Posts: 12404
Loc: Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
Originally Posted By: Mystic
I never cared much for STP Oil Treatment myself. It is basically thick oil with some chemical additives, and according to VOAs here it has a low amount of ZDDP. Newer vehicles require thinner oil and STP basically will just slow down oil consumption in an oil burner. Even in an oil burner a person might be better off just using thicker oil, like 20W50.

Absolutely. If you want a thicker oil, buy a thicker oil. If you want more ZDDP, buy an oil that has more (which is probably going to be thicker, too).
_________________________
Plain, simple Garak.

2008 Infiniti G37 coupe - Mobil Delvac 1 ESP 5w-40, Hastings LF113
1984 F-150 4.9L six - Quaker State GB 10w-30, Wix 51515

Top
#3210252 - 12/08/13 10:41 AM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: ziggy]
Michael_P Offline


Registered: 08/20/07
Posts: 1247
Loc: Ohio
Question. If too much zinc can cause corrosion, why is zinc used as sacrificial anodes to protect marine metals such as aluminum and steel? Zinc would be the least noble metal of any metal found in an engine. What about the phosphorous that accompanies zinc, or the dithiophosphate compound? I have seen cam surfaces with rust pocks on them where the mechanic called it zinc poisoning. Furthermore, zinc corrosion seems to be magnified in a marine environment, or at least that is what I have been told. I am by no means a chemist, but know enough to sound dumb. My boat with over 2500 hours on it had zero internal corrosion on a teardown and it has seen 1600PPM zinc oil since day one. I have gone as far as 220 hours on an OCI as well.

Top
#3210786 - 12/08/13 08:36 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: Michael_P]
Garak Offline


Registered: 12/05/09
Posts: 12404
Loc: Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
Maybe Mola will read this and share his insights. As for the "limits" I place on ZDDP content, I'm probably being conservative. But, there is a point of diminishing returns even before spalling occurs, if I recall correctly.

As for zinc anodes to protect from corrosion versus spalling inside an engine, an aqueous solution is totally different from the environment inside an engine.
_________________________
Plain, simple Garak.

2008 Infiniti G37 coupe - Mobil Delvac 1 ESP 5w-40, Hastings LF113
1984 F-150 4.9L six - Quaker State GB 10w-30, Wix 51515

Top
#3211630 - 12/09/13 07:24 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: Michael_P]
MolaKule Offline


Registered: 06/05/02
Posts: 15165
Loc: Iowegia - USA
Originally Posted By: Michael_P
Question. If too much zinc can cause corrosion, why is zinc used as sacrificial anodes to protect marine metals such as aluminum and steel? Zinc would be the least noble metal of any metal found in an engine. What about the phosphorous that accompanies zinc, or the dithiophosphate compound? I have seen cam surfaces with rust pocks on them where the mechanic called it zinc poisoning. Furthermore, zinc corrosion seems to be magnified in a marine environment, or at least that is what I have been told. I am by no means a chemist, but know enough to sound dumb. My boat with over 2500 hours on it had zero internal corrosion on a teardown and it has seen 1600PPM zinc oil since day one. I have gone as far as 220 hours on an OCI as well.


Cathodic protection is due to an electro-chemical effect and can hardly be compared to surface interactions in tribology.

Here is a good explanation of cathodic protection and sacrificial anodes:
Cathodic Protection

But you're right Michael, it the concentration of phosphorous and sulfur in the ZDDP molecule.

Zinc Dialkyl Dithiophosphates or ZDDP (or Dithiophosphoric Acid, O,O'-Isobutyl Amyl Ester, Zinc Salt ) is an ester which is used as an Anti-Wear agent and an Anti-Oxidant agent (a multifunctional additive) in oil additives and is composed of the elements of zinc, phosphorous, and sulfur.

When concentrations get above approx. 1200 ppm, and when under high moisture conditions and extremely high temperatures, there is the potential for the ZDDP molecule to split apart (via hydrolosis) and form acids attacking the metals as acids of sulfuric and phosphoric acid.

Marine oils, both gear lubes and PCMO's, as well as classic car and HDEO oils, have a higher level of anti-corrosion agents which tend to combat any acid attack. Most Marine engines also tend to run cooler, only to expel moisture at WOT when hot.


Edited by MolaKule (12/09/13 07:25 PM)
_________________________
"The difference between genius and stupidity is that genius has its limits"... Albert Einstein smile

Top
#3212964 - 12/10/13 11:24 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: ziggy]
Michael_P Offline


Registered: 08/20/07
Posts: 1247
Loc: Ohio
Great explination MolaKule. Thanks.
So would a higher TBN combat this or are anti corrosion agents needed for this?

Top
#3213458 - 12/11/13 01:50 PM Re: stp oil additive with zddp, and high mileage,good? [Re: ziggy]
MolaKule Offline


Registered: 06/05/02
Posts: 15165
Loc: Iowegia - USA
The tbn is primarily deterrmined by the calcium or sodium detergents.

Quote:
Detergents (Surface Protective Additive): metallo-organic compounds of sodium, calcium, magnesium, boron phenolates, phosphates and sulfonates such as alkylbenzene sulfonic acids, alkylphenol sulfides, alkylsalacyclic acids; Lift deposits from surfaces to keep them suspended.


The corrosion inhibitors include some additional agents that include Metal Deactivators and Rust inhibitors:

Quote:
Metal Deactivator (Protective Additive): ZDDP, ZTDC, Moly TDC, Antimony TDC, family of diphenylamines and amides, and olefin sulfides, heterocyclic sulfur-nitrogen compounds; inhibits corrosive effects of oxygen with metals and decreases metal interaction with oxygen compounds to reduce oxidation of oil.

Rust Inhibitor (Surface Protective Additive): Barium sulfonates, amine phosphates, phosphordithioates, sodium thizoles (for coolants),


Chemistry of Additives
_________________________
"The difference between genius and stupidity is that genius has its limits"... Albert Einstein smile

Top
Page 2 of 2 < 1 2