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B&S 21hp burning oil #5214512 09/16/19 04:28 PM
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Mike141 Offline OP
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Just picked up a used Craftsman YTS3000 with a B&S 21hp OHV engine. It’s burning oil and little puff of blue smoke when I engage the blades. I pulled out the spark plug and it was caked in black krud. Other than the oil burning issue, it runs ok. Could this be the head gasket? Any other way to test this before I unbolt the head? Thanks.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214516 09/16/19 04:31 PM
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ragtoplvr Offline
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Check and change the oil. Get the level correct. Overfill will make them smoke,. They do not take an even number of quarts.

Rod

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214519 09/16/19 04:42 PM
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Mike141 Offline OP
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Thanks, I should’ve added that in my initial post, I did do an oil/filter change....used HD30 oil. It’s still burning oil more so under load.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214526 09/16/19 04:59 PM
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Quest Offline
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With OPE engine smoking, always start by first checking oil level.

2nd: if the engine smokes under load, check wet/dry compression and note the difference.

There could be other possible cause of oil burning, such as (a ) worn rings, (b ) scoured cylinder wall, and/or (c ) excessive valve guide clearances.

Good luck.

Q.


"Internet discussion boards act as echo chambers for conspiracy dittoheads" A.Allen
Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214566 09/16/19 06:06 PM
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JLTD Offline
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Originally Posted by Mike141
Thanks, I should’ve added that in my initial post, I did do an oil/filter change....used HD30 oil. It’s still burning oil more so under load.


I'd say the smoke could be some good cleaning going on. Sounds like the previous owner did zero maintenance. Give it a few more hours and change oil again would be my plan...


I use the overseas manual to choose my viscosity.

Using AMSOIL

Hers: 2008 Jeep Liberty 154k, SS 5w30/Amsoil

His: 2015 4Runner 60k, SS 5w20/Amsoil

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214577 09/16/19 06:14 PM
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dave123 Offline
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What’s the past history

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214582 09/16/19 06:18 PM
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danez_yoda Online Content
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if the smoke doesn't bother you these things run forever anyway. keep good oil in it and cut away. You might switch to a synthetic with a high flash point for less smoke. maybe a 15W40.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214597 09/16/19 06:34 PM
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Mike141 Offline OP
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Don’t know any past history. Got a killer deal on it, it had a broken drive belt so the previous owner just bought a new tractor instead of a $20 belt. He did tell me it burnt oil. The thing that concerned me was how bad the spark plug looked when I pulled it out. I’ve noticed that these engines are known for blown head gaskets, so maybe this winter I will change that to see if it improves.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214599 09/16/19 06:40 PM
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Eddie Offline
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How much oil loss are you talking about. 2 oz per hour of running time or? Ed


2014 CX5 Touring 2.5L :-)
Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214601 09/16/19 06:42 PM
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Mike141 Offline OP
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Only used it once so far so it’s hard to tell, maybe you’re about right with the 2oz per hour because I did have to add some when I was done with the lawn.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214649 09/16/19 07:42 PM
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Eddie Offline
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I would carefully measure the oil consumption before jumping to conclusions. I found the my 20 HP B&S twin will often times puff out some blue smoke on start up but uses very little oil. I also found out that the amount of smoke at start up is dependent on if you let the engine idle down of a minute before shutting off results in almost no blue puff at start up. If you shut the engine off while running at high rpm, then the blue smoke is very pronounced. Probably has something to do with the OHVs.if the oil pools in the valve covers. Ed


2014 CX5 Touring 2.5L :-)
Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214675 09/16/19 08:10 PM
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FFeng7 Offline
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Is it a single cylinder? I do believe those would smoke pretty good if the head gasket fails. There's a small area between the cylinder and the area where the push rods run. It a small piece of gasket breaks loose it will make them smoke. I've seen it happen.


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Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214678 09/16/19 08:11 PM
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Do your due diligence of course but if it's a big single cyl Briggs, I'm betting it's a head gasket. They ow between the cylinder and where the push rods are.

Fire it up and get it hot, then pull the oil fill cap - if it blows loads of oil/vapor, then it's the head gasket. At least it's an easy fix.


2005 Lincoln Aviator 4.6 DOHC
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Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Mike141] #5214779 09/16/19 10:13 PM
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Elkins45 Offline
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Do they make a 21hp one cylinder? I would expect it to be a V twin.

Re: B&S 21hp burning oil [Re: Elkins45] #5214869 09/17/19 04:09 AM
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Originally Posted by Elkins45
Do they make a 21hp one cylinder? I would expect it to be a V twin.

It is a v-twin.


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