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0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? #4644916
01/24/18 12:06 PM
01/24/18 12:06 PM
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
taoybb Offline OP
taoybb  Offline OP
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
Hi guy,

I don't find someone talking on this (Or maybe I missed some post). I have a question about "W" number. As we know that it was rated for low temperature viscosity and I don't need to care about this number if I live in hot country. But, I would like to know what kind of chemical/additive they add to lower W number.

And if they add it. In my opinion, it should be something that affect oil characteristic at high temp too (Or not?). It might look too serious to choose an oil but I'm new to this role and would like to learn about this.

Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: taoybb] #4644934
01/24/18 12:30 PM
01/24/18 12:30 PM
Joined: Feb 2016
Posts: 686
NJ, USA
MotoTribologist Offline
MotoTribologist  Offline
Joined: Feb 2016
Posts: 686
NJ, USA
The winter rating is affected by the base oils used, viscosity modifying polymers, and, to a degree, pour point depressants.

For instance, two oils of similar high temperature viscosity where one is a PAO and one is a conventional oil, the PAO based oil should have a lower winter rating than the conventional because of the base oil characteristics even before viscosity modifiers or pour point depressants are added.

That is the basic gist of how it works for the most part, but there are more subtle mechanisms that effect the overall result too.

Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: taoybb] #4644939
01/24/18 12:34 PM
01/24/18 12:34 PM
Joined: Dec 2016
Posts: 7,191
Waco, TX
Linctex Offline
Linctex  Offline
Joined: Dec 2016
Posts: 7,191
Waco, TX
Viscosity modifying polymers and pour point depressants are indeed the biggest reason why there is a large spread between the numbers on conventional oils (non-synthetic)

Synthetic oils can behave differently, depending on the formula or blending. Amsoil offers a "straight 30W" that is also rated at 10W-30, just because of it's chemistry, and not necessarily because of additives.


"The evidence demands a verdict".
(Re:VOA)"it's nearly impossible to actually know the particular additives that are in there at what concentrations."
Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: taoybb] #4645017
01/24/18 01:57 PM
01/24/18 01:57 PM
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
taoybb Offline OP
taoybb  Offline OP
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
Thanks for reply and info.

I'm just looking on Torco SR-5R and they have two option on 50 weight, 5W-50 and 20W-50. Let say if on track, which one would be better to go ?


Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: taoybb] #4645037
01/24/18 02:26 PM
01/24/18 02:26 PM
Joined: Feb 2016
Posts: 686
NJ, USA
MotoTribologist Offline
MotoTribologist  Offline
Joined: Feb 2016
Posts: 686
NJ, USA
Pour points of -39C for 5W and -40C for a 0W? Those numbers don't look right to me.

That being said, the 5W should theoretically give you better engine efficiency due to less parasitic losses at temperatures below 100 centigrade because of the lower overall viscosity at those temperatures.

Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: MotoTribologist] #4645099
01/24/18 03:21 PM
01/24/18 03:21 PM
Joined: Jun 2015
Posts: 4,439
New England
Virtus_Probi Offline
Virtus_Probi  Offline
Joined: Jun 2015
Posts: 4,439
New England
Originally Posted By: MotoTribologist
Pour points of -39C for 5W and -40C for a 0W? Those numbers don't look right to me.

That being said, the 5W should theoretically give you better engine efficiency due to less parasitic losses at temperatures below 100 centigrade because of the lower overall viscosity at those temperatures.


Note that the CCS results for the 5WXX oils are reported at -25C and CCS for the 0WXX oil is at -30C...5C higher than the SAE definitions for the grades.
Something is very strange here.
That said, I would probably go with the 20W50 if I lived in a hot place like Thailand.


2014 Forester XT, 90000 miles
Last Change;
M1 5W30 d1G2
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Re: 0W 10W 15W What additive did they add ? [Re: taoybb] #4645548
01/25/18 12:38 AM
01/25/18 12:38 AM
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
taoybb Offline OP
taoybb  Offline OP
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 7
Bangkok, Thailand
Ahhh, Thank guy.

Then why 20W50 ? It tend to be more stabilize ?


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