Recent Topics
Can we now agree that Fram is the best?
by cheesepuffs
09/29/16 09:40 PM
Damaged Filters?
by dx92beater
09/29/16 09:37 PM
Math pros, please help me measure my consumption.
by dx92beater
09/29/16 09:22 PM
Advance Auto Parts 'Experts' Rant
by krismoriah72
09/29/16 08:52 PM
Walmart Canada QSGB $2.77 a quart
by Run
09/29/16 08:14 PM
Swepco MolyXP 75w90 Synthetic Gear Lube
by Hullthumper
09/29/16 08:09 PM
Brake Drums Warped Out of Box..Part 2
by CapitalTruck
09/29/16 07:52 PM
PF 63E, 2015 Chevy Silverado, 6,xxx miles CUT OPEN
by car51
09/29/16 07:22 PM
FRAM EXTRA GUARD 6607, 5,000 miles CUT OPEN
by car51
09/29/16 07:10 PM
governor stuck on carburetor?
by motor_oil_madman
09/29/16 06:14 PM
BMW 3 series reliability?
by ford46guy
09/29/16 06:04 PM
debris in drained oil, how bad is this? (pics)
by John_Dude
09/29/16 05:58 PM
Newest Members
Wally3626, lancelot50, arthur88boston, cbuck, lwralaVTC92
59218 Registered Users
Who's Online
51 registered (901Memphis, asand1, 4WD, Atesz792, 2010Civic, andrewp1998, 2 invisible), 1306 Guests and 12 Spiders online.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Forum Stats
59218 Members
66 Forums
255078 Topics
4190395 Posts

Max Online: 2862 @ 07/07/14 03:10 PM
Donate to BITOG
Page 1 of 2 1 2 >
Topic Options
#1110194 - 03/20/08 09:22 AM Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's
Bambam Offline


Registered: 12/16/03
Posts: 754
Loc: CT
I am trying to interpret UOA's. I get info through others comments but like most newbies I don't know alot and get confused by certain elements etc. So Ityped this up for all to print out and have next to them for guidance. To be added/edited as we all see fit.

Mods please move if this is unappropriate for this particular forum.

WEAR METAL SOURCES

IRON……….CYLINDERS, GEARS, RINGS, CRANKSHAFTS, LINERS, BEARINGS, HOUSINGS, RODS, and PLATINGS

CHROMIUM……………..RINGS,ROLLER/TAPER BEARINGS, RODS, PLATINGS

LEAD……….BEARING OVERLAYS, ADDITIVES IN GEAR OIL AND GASOLINE

COPPER…………………BUSHINGS, BEARINGS, THRUST WASHERS, FRICITION PLATES, OIL COOLERS, ADDITIVE IN OIL

TIN………………………………….BEARINGS, BUSHINGS, PISTONS, PLATINGS

ALUMINUM………PISTONS, BEARINGS, PUMPS, BLOWERS, ROTORS, THRUST WASHERS

NICKEL……………………………………………………………………VALVES

SILVER………………………………………….BEARINGS,BUSHINGS,PLATING

MANGANESE……….TRACE ELEMENTS IN LINERS AND RINGS, ADDITIVE IN GASLOLINE.

TITANIUM……………………………………………………….TRACE ELEMENT

VANADIUM……………………………………………………..TRACE ELEMENT



CONTANIMENTS & SOURCES

SILICON…………………………………….ELEMENT USED TO DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF AIRBORNE DIRT AND ABRASIVES IN THE OIL.(SOMETIMES USED AS AN ANTI-FOAM AGENT)

BORON………………………….PRESENT IN MOST PERMANENT ANTI-FREEZE SYSTEMS AND COOLING SYSTEMS INHIBITORS (SOMETIMES USED AS AN ADDITIVE)

SODIUM………………………………….PRESENT IN MOST PERMANENT ANTI-FREEZE SYSTEMS AND COOLING SYSTEM INHIBITORS (SOMETIMES USED AS AN ADDITIVE)

POTASSIUM………….PRESENT IN MOST PERMANENT ANTI-FREEZE SYSTEMS AND COOLING SYSTEM INHIBITORS (SOMETIMES USED AS AN ADDITIVE IN GEAR OIL)



ADDITIVES AND THEIR FUNCTION

MAGNESIUM……………………….DISPERSENT/DETERGENT ADDITIVE

CALCIUM………………………….. DISPERSENT/DETERGENT ADDITIVE

BARIUM………………………….. DISPERSENT/DETERGENT ADDITIVE.

PHOSPHORUS…………………………………..….ANTI-WEAR ADDITIVE

ZINC……………………………………………….…. ANTI-WEAR ADDITIVE

MOLBDENUM………………………………….…… ANTI-WEAR ADDITIVE


FUEL DILUTION = UNBURNED FUEL IN THE OIL MAY SIGNAL FUEL SYSTEM LEAKS OR INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION.

FUEL SOOT = A RESULT IN INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION OR BLOW-BY. HIGH DRAIN LEVELS AMY INDICATES COMBUSTION PROBLEMS OR OVEREXTENDED DRAIN INTERVALS.


VISCOSITY = THE KINEMATIC VISCOSITY DETERMINED AT 40°C AND/OR 100°C IS A MEASURE OF THE FLOW RATE OF AN OIL IN RELATION TO TIME. THIS DATA IS USED TO ASSIGN AN SAE GRADE TO OIL.


SAE GRADE…………….MIN-cST-100°………………MAX-Cst

10w……………………4.10………………………….xx

20w………………………..5.60……………………….9.29

30w…………………………9.30……………………..…12.49

40w……………………….12.50……………………………16.29

50w………………………..16.30………………………………21.89
_________________________
07 DMAX CC 4x4
265 Cooper AT3's
Bilstein 5100's
T-C pump rub fix
EGR Blocked
PCV rerouted
efi live tuned


Top
#1110209 - 03/20/08 09:37 AM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Bambam]
Johnny Offline


Registered: 05/27/02
Posts: 14013
Loc: Retired | Wausau, WI
Very nice. This might be a good sticky at the top of the UOA section for all to reference.


Edited by Johnny (03/20/08 09:38 AM)

Top
#1110356 - 03/20/08 12:43 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Johnny]
ZZman Offline


Registered: 03/17/08
Posts: 4248
Loc: Michigan
There should also be a similar sticky in the car section
_________________________
2002 Buick Regal GS (3.8 Supercharged) PP, Pure 1 filter
2008 Sebring Hardtop convertible (2.7) PP, Pure 1 filter.
2006 Kawasaki Vulcan 900 LT

Top
#1110929 - 03/21/08 08:24 AM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Bambam]
Pablo Offline


Registered: 10/28/02
Posts: 47029
Loc: Duvall WA - Pacific NW USA
Generally ok.....the viscosity table could be quite misleading. Atleast drop the "w"s Better to just post the whole table from J300: http://www.infineum.com/information/api-viscosity-2004.html

Top
#1112483 - 03/23/08 03:42 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Pablo]
D-Roc Offline


Registered: 11/23/05
Posts: 1526
Loc: quelque part
Awesome- great for those who are up on their UOA knowlege, but like who need a quick reference once in a while.

Top
#1112628 - 03/23/08 07:49 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: D-Roc]
Steve S Offline


Registered: 01/20/03
Posts: 18449
Loc: East of IGO
Any one know where a condemnation limit chart is posted?
_________________________
Why do people post I want the best for my car,,, When there isn't anything that is the best on the car to begin with.

Top
#1124509 - 04/08/08 07:41 AM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Steve S]
Jim Allen Offline


Registered: 08/12/05
Posts: 4477
Loc: NW Ohio
Excellent work, Bambam. Thanks for taking the time to do it.
_________________________
Jim Allen
Keepin' the Good Old Days of Four Wheeling Alive

Top
#1200118 - 07/23/08 11:36 AM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: Jim Allen]
RWEST Offline


Registered: 10/25/07
Posts: 1373
Loc: Somerset County, PA
So, to help out an oil-dork, what should the numbers be for a multi-vis, say, RTS 5-40?
_________________________
"even if you're paranoid, they can still be following you" hide

"live so the preacher doesn't have to lie at your funeral" wink



Top
#1212098 - 08/09/08 06:42 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: RWEST]
D-Roc Offline


Registered: 11/23/05
Posts: 1526
Loc: quelque part
For Admin, would it be possible to update the above info with oxidation, nitration and sulfation? This one specifically for myself, just a reference of the numbers on what is high and low. But also for others.
I know one way they are measured is using a spectrometer with how much infrared light is absorbed by the products of oxidation, nitration, sulfation, but not what is acceptable, high and low. Some uoa's also are coming through with just the number...Blackstone usually has perameters/guidelines, but some don't.

Top
#1218196 - 08/17/08 10:25 AM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: D-Roc]
lewdwig Offline


Registered: 10/23/07
Posts: 666
Loc: Southwest Michigan
I'll look for something on TBN and include it.
_________________________
1996 Saturn SL2
2001 Subaru Forester L
2003 Buick Park Avenue
2004 Mitsu Endeavor

Google search:
(search terms here) site:bobistheoilguy.com


Top
#1379270 - 02/19/09 04:14 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: lewdwig]
TSHACK Offline


Registered: 02/17/09
Posts: 30
Loc: Virginia Beach, Va
AWESOME!!
_________________________
2003 Supercharged F150 Harley Davidson. Mine
2011 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited. Wife
2002 Acura CL 3.2. Son
2010 Sentra SE-R. Daughter
AMSOIL in all of them.

Top
#1539320 - 07/21/09 12:26 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: TSHACK]
bloc Offline


Registered: 10/17/08
Posts: 11
Loc: Houston, Tx
I also wanted to request "condemnation" limits, or at least numbers at which we should start wondering.

TBN explanation would be nice too!!

Top
#1701615 - 12/09/09 01:54 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: bloc]
addyguy Offline


Registered: 09/08/05
Posts: 13975
Loc: Canada
You missed Antimony - used by some oils in their add-pack; I think it's an anti-oxidant?
_________________________
2010 Kia Soul 2U - 2.0L I-4, auto, 89k miles.
MM Supreme 5W-30; QS 14612 filter.

Top
#1702278 - 12/09/09 10:17 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: addyguy]
White_Buffalo Offline


Registered: 02/26/07
Posts: 63
Loc: Sioux Falls, SD
Originally Posted By: addyguy
You missed Antimony - used by some oils in their add-pack; I think it's an anti-oxidant?


Not that many labs test for Antimony. I have seen Amsoil's OAI testing and Polaris show it in there UOA reports. I thinks Schaeffer's uses Antimony as a high pressure additive.
_________________________
2003 7.3L F250 Wildman tunes Van turbo, DIIC, AIS, swamps 175/146 inj
2000 Excursion - Rockin S built
2006 F-350, studded, EGR Delete, Wildman tunes

Top
#1738405 - 01/10/10 09:42 PM Re: Cheat sheet for newbies reading UOA's [Re: White_Buffalo]
TucsonDon Offline


Registered: 06/29/07
Posts: 434
Loc: Arizona, USA
I think Boron is becoming part of the additive pack of some oils ... Rotella CJ-4 comes to mind as having increased the Boron.
_________________________
2007 Goldwing + Rotella T 15W-40 CJ-4. It works; I'm happy.

Top
Page 1 of 2 1 2 >